The Union of Myanmar is divided administratively into 17 States
and Divisions, sub-divided into 63 Districts for a total of
324 Townships. Townships are also further subdivided into
13 759 village-tracts. Following is the list
of the 17 states:
Ayeyawaddy, Bago (E), Bago (W), Chin, Kachin, Kayar, Kayin,
Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Rakhine, Sagaing, Shan (E), Shan (N),
Shan (S), Taninthayi and Yangon.
The village-tract is the basic administrative unit which is made
up of one or more villages depending upon the size of population
in each village. Statistics are collected usually on village
tract basis. Each village tract is under the management of a
committee which is directly supervised by the Township Peace
and Development Council. These administrative bodies are an
integral part of the agricultural statistics system and provide
the necessary assistance in the collection, compilation and
maintainance of records at the village tract level.
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The digital agricultural atlas of the Union of Myanmar
is a collection of GIS-derived maps, tabular data and
related documents depicting political, physical and agricultural
resources in Myanmar. Data are integrated in a “warehouse”
framework, which is the core component of FAO's Dynamic Atlas technology.
Dynamic Maps is the free GIS software that displays data
The atlas contains general layers from international data providers
and agricultural-related layers generated from 2001-2002 statistics
collected at state/division, district and township level. Tabular
information and maps are linked to build a geographical information
system for agricultural resource managers.
The atlas derives from studies carried out by the FAO Investment
Centre under the framework of the project "Myanmar Agriculture
Sector Review: Analysis and Investment Strategy Formulation" (see below).
Myanmar Agriculture Sector Review: Analysis and Investment Strategy Formulation
This project (pdf, 281 KB
), in agreement
with the Government of the Union of Myanmar (GOUM) - Ministry of
Agriculture and Irrigation (MOAI), was mainly funded by the United Nations
Development Programme (UNDP) with additional support provided
by the Asian Development Bank.
The review covered ten subsectors within the overall agricultural
sector, including: rural social structure; community development;
agronomy; livestock; fisheries; water resources and irrigation;
agro-industry; agricultural research, extension and training; and
rural finance. Forestry was not included in the study as it had
been the subject of earlier work.
The Agriculture Sector Review project aims to contribute to the
achievement of two long-term development objectives:
- Achieve a consensus with the GOUM and other stakeholders on the major
agricultural issues, policies and strategies and intervention types
best suited to address the needs of the rural poor;
- Mobilize the international community to increase their engagement in
improving the livelihood of the rural poor in the Union of Myanmar.
This atlas, which feeds the decision making process in the
field of agriculture development and food security, will be deployed to provide
targeted users with spatial data and descriptive information derived
from national statistics.
Under the overall coordination and supervision of Aidan Gulliver,
FAO-Investment Centre, the "Digital agricultural atlas of the Union
of Myanmar" was compiled by Antonio Martucci, Giulio Marchi and
Paolo Prosperi under the supervision of John Latham FAO-Environmental
Assessment and Management Unit (NRCE), with the active support of
Myo Myint, Manager of Suntac Technologies, who also coordinated the
collection of agricultural statistics.
Special acknowledgement goes to the Department of Agricultural Planning
(DAP) and Myanmar Agricultural Services (MAS) of the Ministry of Agriculture
and Irrigation of the Union of Myanmar (MOAI) for their support in
providing data and information included in this CD-ROM. The preparation
of the digital atlas was made possible by funding from the United
Nations Development Programme.