Agri Punjab, Agriculture Department Agri Sindh, Agriculture Department University of Maryland Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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Cotton Production & Analytics 2015-16

Kharif 2015-16 was not much favorable season for cotton crop. In view of crashing cotton prices during September, large number of farmers adopted marginal management especially in case of agrochemicals. This period corresponded with hammering rains that propagated flare-up of insects to an epidemic level. These factors combined together, resulted in an extensive damage of the cotton crop.

Main factors responsible for poor cotton performance

SUPARCO has analyzed the situation of crop damage in Punjab. There was a decrease in cotton area mainly in Punjab because of low cotton prices during the year 2014-15. The other main factors responsible for poor cotton performance are as follows:

  • (a) Excessive rains in monsoon that washed away the pesticide used
  • (b) Vicious cycle of low cotton prices during September that triggered:
    • (i) Shy investment after crashing of cotton market
    • (ii) Flare up of white fly and boll-worms especially pink boll worm
    • (iii) Uprooting of cotton crop by growers to substitute the area by wheat crop
  • (c) Loss to farming community in production of other Kharif crops (rice and sugarcane) almost across the board, leading to low investment in cotton and other Kharif crops.

The supporting data on the above factors are as follows:

  1. Excessive Rainfall
  2. Market Prices (Seed Cotton/Phutti)
  3. Flared up Insect Pests & Diseases att
  4. Reduction in Farm Cash Flows (Rs. per 40 kg)

example of factors affecting crop performance
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