Agri Punjab, Agriculture Department Agri Sindh, Agriculture Department University of Maryland Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
geospatial information > crops last update: 19-04-2016 3:11:21 PM go to home page see contacts

Agriculture in Pakistan

Pakistan's agriculture is mainly concentrated in the Indus river basin, with the Indus and its tributaries providing much needed water for irrigation.

Crop seasons in Pakistan: Rabi and Kharif

pakistan There are two main crop growing seasons in Pakistan. The winter crops (Rabi meaning spring) are sown during October-December and are harvested during March-April. The sowing season of summer crops (Kharif meaning autumn) is generally longer. It starts in February for sugarcane, March-May for cotton, June-July for rice and July-August for maize crop. The harvesting of these crops starts in September and continues up to December with exception of sugarcane that can proceed up to March or even beyond. The planting of orchards and other trees is carried out in spring (February-March) or during monsoon (July-August). The wheat, cotton, rice, sugarcane and maize occupy the main cropped land and are categorized as major crops. The remaining crops are categorized as minor crops, because these are grown on smaller areas. Here is the crop calendar.

wheat field Rabi crops or Rabi harvest refers to agricultural crops sown in autumn and harvested in the winter season. The exact timing of the Rabi crop varies with the latitude and is influenced by the withdrawal of the monsoon, therefore it can be anywhere from September to April. Depending on the region, certain crops such as wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard are better suited for growth during this season. Major Rabi crop in Pakistan is wheat.

Crop Estimates/Reports

sugarcane Kharif crop refers to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such crops are planted for autumn harvest and may also be called the summer or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the south-west monsoon season. In Pakistan the Kharif season starts on April 16th and lasts until October 15th. Main Kharif crops are cotton, sugarcane, rice, maize.

Crop Estimates/Reports

  main links








Sep 2, 2015 - A new amendment (no. 3) was signed by USDA and FAO to formalize a no-cost extension of the project GCP/PAK/125/USA from Oct 1, 2015 to Sep 30, 2016.

  recent updates

Aug 8, 2016. E-bulletin 11, Apr-Jun 2016.

Aug 5, 2016. E-learning courses on agriculture monitoring and statistics.

Aug 5, 2016. FAO's ECONET approach and land cover change in Pakistan.

Aug 5, 2016. Training on Carbon Sequestration.

Aug 5, 2016. CRS Punjab bulletins Apr 2016.

Apr 22, 2016. Cotton Production & Analytics.

Mar 1, 2016. Testing Sentinel-2 images for crop monitoring in Pakistan.

Feb 20, 2016. Crop Information Portal training.

Jan 20, 2016. Sugarcane Production & Analytics.

Jan 20, 2016. Training on REDD+ Technology for Forest Department Officers of Punjab.

Oct 29, 2014. Agriculture Information System project: roll-out workshop.

Aug 13, 2015. RS/GIS Training in Forest Management, Lahore, 4-8 May 2015.

FAO Pakistan website >>>>


Forum: "Pakistan Agriculture Sector". >>>>


SUPARCO, the National Space Agency of Pakistan >>>>


Government of Sindh: Agriculture Department >>>>


Agri Punjab >>>>

logos (6K)