Agri Punjab, Agriculture Department Agri Sindh, Agriculture Department University of Maryland Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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Land Use / Land Cover

Background | Methodology | Legend | Punjab-Sindh | KP-FATA | Baluchistan | Atlases


The legend for land cover mapping was created by FAO in consultation with SUPARCO and representatives of the Crop Reporting Services. The final version of the legend is composed of 36 land cover classes aggregated into 13 main classes.

Photo-keys of different land cover types were selected to validate the interpretation of images and to illustrate how the landscape looks in reality and how it does on the satellite image (texture, tone, colour and reflectance).

1. Orchard: cultivated or maintained areas for the production of fruits, nuts, berries, or ornamentals (see larger picture)

key orchards

2. Crop Irrigated: irrigated annual crops such as corn, soybeans, vegetables, tobacco, and cotton. (see larger picture)

key crop irrigated

3. Crop Marginal and Irrigated Saline: rainfed herbaceous crop in desert area and irrigated herbaceous crop in saline areas.

4. Crop in Flood Plain: herbaceous crop irrigated in flood plain and herbaceous crop post-flooding, located near river beds.

5. Crop Rainfed: herbaceous crop rainfed (not irrigated). (see larger picture)

key crop rainfed

6. Forest: natural or semi-natural woody vegetation, generally greater than 6 meters tall.

7. Natural vegetation in wet areas: river bank, wetlands, shrubs closed to open in wetland, tree closed in wetland and tree open in wetland. (see larger picture)

key wet areas

8. Range Lands - Natural Shrubs and Herbs Rangelands: vast natural landscapes of grasslands, shrub lands and woodlands.

9. Built-up Area: urban, industrial, airport etc. with all vegetated areas linked to the built-ups such as gardens, golf courses, urban recreation parks, plots devoted to urban expansion etc.

10. Bare Areas: very low natural and manmade vegetative cover such as sand dunes and barren land.

11. Bare Areas with Sparse Natural Vegetation: sand dunes with natural vegetation, bare rocks (with sparse vegetation) and desert flat plain are included in this class.

12. Water Bodies: fresh or saline water such as river and lakes. (see larger picture)

key_water bodies

13. Snow and Glaciers: year-long surface cover of ice and/or snow.

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Sep 2, 2015 - A new amendment (no. 3) was signed by USDA and FAO to formalize a no-cost extension of the project GCP/PAK/125/USA from Oct 1, 2015 to Sep 30, 2016.

  recent updates

Aug 8, 2016. E-bulletin 11, Apr-Jun 2016.

Aug 5, 2016. E-learning courses on agriculture monitoring and statistics.

Aug 5, 2016. FAO's ECONET approach and land cover change in Pakistan.

Aug 5, 2016. Training on Carbon Sequestration.

Aug 5, 2016. CRS Punjab bulletins Apr 2016.

Apr 22, 2016. Cotton Production & Analytics.

Mar 1, 2016. Testing Sentinel-2 images for crop monitoring in Pakistan.

Feb 20, 2016. Crop Information Portal training.

Jan 20, 2016. Sugarcane Production & Analytics.

Jan 20, 2016. Training on REDD+ Technology for Forest Department Officers of Punjab.

Oct 29, 2014. Agriculture Information System project: roll-out workshop.

Aug 13, 2015. RS/GIS Training in Forest Management, Lahore, 4-8 May 2015.

FAO Pakistan website >>>>


Forum: "Pakistan Agriculture Sector". >>>>


SUPARCO, the National Space Agency of Pakistan >>>>


Government of Sindh: Agriculture Department >>>>


Agri Punjab >>>>

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