Agri Punjab, Agriculture Department Agri Sindh, Agriculture Department University of Maryland Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
project > Agriculture Information System last update: 27-01-2015 12:24:43 PM go to home page see contacts

Pakistan's Agriculture Information System

This project concerns the improvement of the capacity of provincial governments to collect, analyze and report on timely agricultural information and strengthening universities for supporting CRSs.

It focuses on enhancing and improving current systems for the integral use of remotely sensed data into existing data collection, analysis, and dissemination mechanisms building on and using indigenous capacities supported by additional capacities of FAO, UMD and USDA.

It also developes complementary systems to integrate remotely-sensed data for improving crop status monitoring, area estimates and yield forecasting in collaboration with SUPARCO.

Components of the program

  1. Capacity building of Provincial Crop Reporting Services & Universities
    The objective is the improvement of the capacity of provincial governments to collect, analyze and report on timely agricultural information. It includes:
    • Capacity building/Trainings (local and Foreign)
    • Strengthening of image processing lab
    • Funding support for operational activities
  2. Provision of Geospatial Systems
    • Crop Information Portal
      The portal integrates crop information with geo-spatial data for pragmatic decision support.
      crop portal gui

    • Crop Information Portal
      A set of tools for customized queries by the user for comparing current season conditions relative to previous seasons or time steps within the current season
      glam gui
      The system includes:
      1. Image visualization/downloading
      2. Image masking
      3. Vegetation condition monitoring
      4. Graphical interpretation
        • Automated generation of NDVI/NDWI graphs
        • Histogram analysis

    • Smart phone application (MAGIS)
      Allow crop reporters to collect digital, geo-referenced data in the field and relay these data via the cell phone network or via internet (e.g. Wi-Fi connection at the local office) to the central MAGIS server installed at the CRS office/Universities. The application includes:
      • Data collection using custom forms
      • Data transfer from field to server
      • Data aggregation and storage
      • Data analysis

      magis schema
    • Area Frame Sampling System (AFSS) Automation Through Mobile Technology
      Android based smart phones with application software have been made available to CRS Punjab, Sindh through the project, for real-time transmission of geo-tagged field surveys data.
      field survey with AFSS
  3. Land Cover database of Pakistan
    SUPARCO in collaboration with FAO is mapping the land cover of:
    • Punjab and Sindh provinces (completed)
    • KP and Baluchistan provinces (in-progress)
    SPOT 5 satellite data were used for interpretation and classification purposes by using 36 land cover classes. The database provides concise, reliable, accurate and standardized aggregated land cover information extremely useful in the following areas:
    • Planning & development
    • Agriculture
    • Disasters & hazards monitoring
    • Forest management
    • Water resources
    • Environment
    • Irrigation
    • Geological surveys
    • Wild life habitat assessment
    land cover Punjab

  4. Crop Mask
    SUPARCO in collaboration with FAO is developing a specific crop mask (for Punjab and Sindh) both for Rabi (Wheat, Potato) and Kharif crops (Sugar cane, Cotton, Rice) using high resolution remote sensing imagery.
    Crop masks are required to formulate and implement appropriate risk management strategies with respect to:
    • Food insecurity
    • Disaster like floods
    • Climate change
    • Planning agricultural infrastructure
    • Core of the crop yield forecasting and monitoring system
    • Aggregate the results to higher administrative levels
    • Crops/ floods modelling systems
    crop mask

  5. Area Frame sampling system
    SUPARCO uses a satellite based area frame sampling, which is a fully operational system for the estimation of crop areas. The satellite based area frame technique uses a stratification process to group homogenous areas in order to use statistical inference to estimate crop areas.
    Area Frame sampling system

  6. Market Outlook improvement Two modules have been implemented to
    1. Commodity balance sheet analysis
      The purpose is top development and analysis of national/ provincial/district level commodity specific balance sheets and to do trend analysis of major commodity prices.
    2. SISMod (Shock Impact and Simulation Model)
      It carries out the following functions:
      • Monitor agricultural production, linking climate factors
      • Monitor market/economic factors
      • Module to project the population
      • Food security baseline for vulnerable groups
      • Econometric shock simulation model to forecast possible food gaps and assistance needs

  7. Crop reporting
    It includes the following products:
    1. Monthly Crop Bulletin (Pak-SCMS)
      A monthly Pakistan Satellite based Crop Monitoring System (Pak-SCMS) bulletin is being issued since December 2010 by SUPARCO. The monthly bulletin covers:
      • Satellite based Crop Forecast/Estimation
      • Agriculture Situation Analysis
      • Seasonal NDVI Profiling
      • Vegetation Change Analysis
      • Natural Hazards if any
    2. Provincial CRSs bulletins
      Recently, CRS Punjab and Sindh has also started producing and issue crops bulletins about crops situation and publishing its estimates in the form of monthly bulletins. The capacity for the task was built up in the project.

    3. Technical reports
      Full details of the techniques adapted and procedures followed were published in the form of technical reports to share the experiences of the project. The following publication area published so far:
      • Punjab CRS: Base Line Survey
      • Sindh CRS: Base Line Survey
      • Pakistan: Advanced Training on Monitoring of Crops through Satellite Technology
      • Pakistan: How SUPARCO Makes Crop Forecasts and Estimates based on integral use of RS data
    4. E-bulletins
      To cover the activities of the project underway and show what's been done so far; information such as news, events, conferences, trainings and case studies etc. are shared in quarterly bulletins published on project web site.

  main links








Sep 2, 2015 - A new amendment (no. 3) was signed by USDA and FAO to formalize a no-cost extension of the project GCP/PAK/125/USA from Oct 1, 2015 to Sep 30, 2016.

  recent updates

Aug 8, 2016. E-bulletin 11, Apr-Jun 2016.

Aug 5, 2016. E-learning courses on agriculture monitoring and statistics.

Aug 5, 2016. FAO's ECONET approach and land cover change in Pakistan.

Aug 5, 2016. Training on Carbon Sequestration.

Aug 5, 2016. CRS Punjab bulletins Apr 2016.

Apr 22, 2016. Cotton Production & Analytics.

Mar 1, 2016. Testing Sentinel-2 images for crop monitoring in Pakistan.

Feb 20, 2016. Crop Information Portal training.

Jan 20, 2016. Sugarcane Production & Analytics.

Jan 20, 2016. Training on REDD+ Technology for Forest Department Officers of Punjab.

Oct 29, 2014. Agriculture Information System project: roll-out workshop.

Aug 13, 2015. RS/GIS Training in Forest Management, Lahore, 4-8 May 2015.

FAO Pakistan website >>>>


Forum: "Pakistan Agriculture Sector". >>>>


SUPARCO, the National Space Agency of Pakistan >>>>


Government of Sindh: Agriculture Department >>>>


Agri Punjab >>>>

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